Worldwide, myopia is an epidemic — however, it’s most prevalent in Southeast Asia and China.
During the session Eye Care Thought Leadership from Chinese Young Ophthalmologists — (supported by He Vision Group),
five ophthalmologists shared their thoughts on its causes, prevention and treatment. Can youth visualize the future?
“In the year 2050, myopia prevalence will reach nearly 70% globally — this is quite alarming and it worries me a lot.
Not only from the clinical perspective, but it’s also a big economic burden to countries who have large myopic populations,” said
Dr. He Xingru. In China, the rate of college-aged students with myopia is 60%, and that’s steadily increasing ลาวสามัคคี วีไอพี.
“I don’t have direct evidence that it comes from this technology [smart phones and devices], but undoubtedly, smart devices really changed the way we use our eyes
… and I personally believe there is some association in the increase in myopia before and after 2008 [when smartphones were introduced],” he shared.
The eye and stem cells: The path to treating blindness Could stem cells be the answer to treating the myopia epidemic?
During her presentation, Dr. Zhang Mingqi discussed
the possibility of using human retinal progenitor cells to counteract the threat of serious eye conditions associated with high myopia.
“Intravitreal injection of human retinal progenitor cells (hRPCs) is a safe and effective way to delay the process of retinal degeneration, which may be via the paracrine function of transplantation of hRCPs,” she said.
Myopia susceptibility and gene screening in China Gene screening is one tool to determine who might become myopic.
The causes of myopia are multifactorial, and Dr. Hu Lan shared that there are two main factors that lead to myopia: genetic/ nature (i.e., ethnicity and family history)
and environment/nurture (i.e., near work, posture, illumination, lifestyle and nutrition).
For example, if both parents are myopic, the chance of their children being myopic is seven times higher.
“If we combine the genetic factor of two myopic parents with the factor of ‘higher education’ the risk factor is an astonishing 52 times higher than those without those risk factors,” she shared.
Higher education is often associated with more near work using computers and reading.
But who should pay more attention to environmental factors and which factors should be changed first?
“This is where gene testing can help us,” said Dr. Hu Lan. China’s national training base for the prevention of blindness During her presentation,
Dr. Yan Chunhong explained the various issues with access to eye care in China.
In addition, training and education of optometrists and ophthalmologists is also not consistent.
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